The four major broadcast television networks are all commercial entities. The District of Columbia is a federal district that contains the capital of the United States, Washington, D.C.[297] The states and the District of Columbia choose the president of the United States. [444] Americans are extremely charitable by global standards: according to a 2006 British study, Americans gave 1.67% of GDP to charity, more than any other nation studied. The Spanish set up the first settlements in Florida and New Mexico, such as Saint Augustine (often considered the nation's oldest city)[47] and Santa Fe. The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of 27 member states that are located primarily in Europe. ", "African-American Economic Gains Reversed By Great Recession", "Long Time Coming: Why Health Reform Finally Passed", "Donald Trump is elected president of the United States", "First Case of 2019 Novel Coronavirus in the United States", "Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the U.S.", "Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) Situation Report – 89", "State Area Measurements and Internal Point Coordinates—Geography—U.S. [82], Beginning in the late 18th century, American settlers began to expand westward,[83] prompting a long series of American Indian Wars. Who coined 'United States of America'? The national capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city is New York City. Many landmarks and institutions in the Western Hemisphere bear his name, including the country of Colombia. over 4 years ago; 224 mapviews; More info. Datasets in use. [331] Based on CBO estimates,[332] under 2013 tax law the top 1% will be paying the highest average tax rates since 1979, while other income groups will remain at historic lows. Methods for producing interchangeable parts were developed by the U.S. War Department by the Federal Armories during the first half of the 19th century. [238] The survey also reported that 22.8% of Americans described themselves as agnostic, atheist or simply having no religion—up from 8.2% in 1990. Sections of this page. [275] As for public expenditures on higher education, the U.S. trails some other OECD (Organization for Cooperation and Development) nations but spends more per student than the OECD average, and more than all nations in combined public and private spending. Datasets in use. [483] Directors such as John Ford redefined the image of the American Old West, and, like others such as John Huston, broadened the possibilities of cinema with location shooting. Football continues to trump baseball as America's Favorite Sport", "What Would the End of Football Look Like? [39] The city-state of Cahokia is the largest, most complex pre-Columbian archaeological site in the modern-day United States. [496] In soccer (a sport that has gained a footing in the United States since the mid-1990s), the country hosted the 1994 FIFA World Cup, the men's national soccer team qualified for ten World Cups and the women's team has won the FIFA Women's World Cup four times; Major League Soccer is the sport's highest league in the United States (featuring 23 American and three Canadian teams). McDuffie, Jerome; Piggrem, Gary Wayne; Woodworth, Steven E. (2005). [434] The United States has historically been the world's largest producer of greenhouse gases, and greenhouse gas emissions per capita remain high. [258][259] The Affordable Care Act, passed in early 2010, roughly halved the uninsured share of the population, though the bill and its ultimate effect are issues of controversy. [341] The Reserves and National Guard brought the total number of troops to 2.3 million. The EU covers over 4 million km² and has 508 million inhabitants - the world’s third largest population after China and India. The Beat Generation writers opened up new literary approaches, as have postmodernist authors such as John Barth, Thomas Pynchon, and Don DeLillo.[458]. The lowest and highest points in the contiguous United States are in the state of California,[183] and only about 84 miles (135 km) apart. The Bill of Rights, forbidding federal restriction of personal freedoms and guaranteeing a range of legal protections, was adopted in 1791. [75], After its defeat at the Siege of Yorktown in 1781, Britain signed a peace treaty. [190], The U.S. ecology is megadiverse: about 17,000 species of vascular plants occur in the contiguous United States and Alaska, and more than 1,800 species of flowering plants are found in Hawaii, few of which occur on the mainland. [466], The American fast food industry, the world's largest,[467] pioneered the drive-through format in the 1940s. Blacks faced racial segregation, especially in the South. [164] Barack Obama, the first African-American[165] and multiracial[166] president, was elected in 2008 amid the crisis,[167] and subsequently passed stimulus measures and the Dodd–Frank Act in an attempt to mitigate its negative effects and ensure there would not be a repeat of the crisis. [103] Mainland expansion also included the purchase of Alaska from Russia in 1867. [187] The Great Plains west of the 100th meridian are semi-arid. ", "What, When, and Where Americans Eat in 2003", "Metallica's 'Black album' is Top-Selling Disc of last 20 years", "Eagles tribute band landing at Kirkland", "Aerosmith will rock Salinas with July concert", "Taylor Swift: Teen idol to 'biggest pop artist in the world, "Britney Spears is the most searched for celebrity of the decade", "Katy Perry: now the world's richest (famous) woman", "BBC—Imagine—Jay-Z: He Came, He Saw, He Conquered", "The enigma of Kanye West—and how the world's biggest pop star ended up being its most reviled, too", "Nigeria surpasses Hollywood as world's second-largest film producer", "John Landis Rails Against Studios: 'They're Not in the Movie Business Anymore, "Book explores Hollywood 'Golden Age' of the 1960s-'70s", "Marilyn Monroe, the eternal shape shifter", "Top 10 Most Popular Sports in America 2017", "Professional Football Widens Its Lead Over Baseball as Nation's Favorite Sport", "Passion for College Football Remains Robust", "Global sports market to hit $141 billion in 2012", "The 10 most fascinating facts about the all-time Winter Olympics medal standings", "With Sochi Olympics approaching, a history of Winter Olympic medals", "As American as Mom, Apple Pie and Football? Country music developed in the 1920s, and rhythm and blues in the 1940s.[475]. Obwohl es geographisch gesehen nur ein Subkontinent ist, der mit Asien zusammen den Kontinent Eurasien bildet, wird es historisch und kulturell begründet oft als eigenständiger Kontinent betrachtet. [503] Americans listen to radio programming, also largely commercial, on average just over two-and-a-half hours a day. The United States has the world's largest Christian population. "[30] In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence. Since the decision, however, there have been more than 1,500 executions. [454], In the 18th and early 19th centuries, American art and literature took most of its cues from Europe. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}40°N 100°W / 40°N 100°W / 40; -100. [504], In 1998, the number of U.S. commercial radio stations had grown to 4,793 AM stations and 5,662 FM stations. [324][325], The U.S. exercises full international defense authority and responsibility for Micronesia, the Marshall Islands and Palau through the Compact of Free Association. [419] As of June 2018[update], 40 million people, roughly 12.7% of the U.S. population, were living in poverty, including 13.3 million children. [d] With a population of over 328 million, it is the third most populous country in the world. In the visual arts, the Hudson River School was a mid-19th-century movement in the tradition of European naturalism. [395] During World War II, the Manhattan Project developed nuclear weapons, ushering in the Atomic Age, while the Space Race produced rapid advances in rocketry, materials science, and aeronautics. [188] States bordering the Gulf of Mexico are prone to hurricanes, and most of the world's tornadoes occur in the country, mainly in Tornado Alley areas in the Midwest and South. [102] Most of these conflicts ended with the cession of Native American territory and their confinement to Indian reservations. Disputes over taxation and political representation with Great Britain led to the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), which established independence. Jump to. [71], During the Seven Years' War (1756–63), known in the U.S. as the French and Indian War, British forces captured Canada from the French. [172], The 48 contiguous states and the District of Columbia occupy a combined area of 3,119,885 square miles (8,080,470 km2). Find the perfect Peter Kutscher stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images. [93] In 1869, a new Peace Policy nominally promised to protect Native Americans from abuses, avoid further war, and secure their eventual U.S. citizenship. Press alt + / to open this menu. [126], The United States played a leading role in the Bretton Woods and Yalta conferences, which signed agreements on new international financial institutions and Europe's postwar reorganization. [404] For 2017 the United Nations Development Programme ranked the United States 13th among 189 countries in its Human Development Index (HDI) and 25th among 151 countries in its inequality-adjusted HDI (IHDI). It is a federal republic and a representative democracy "in which majority rule is tempered by minority rights protected by law. [70] The Christian revivalist movement of the 1730s and 1740s known as the Great Awakening fueled interest both in religion and in religious liberty. Despite considerable income and wealth disparities compared to other rich countries, the United States continuously ranks high in measures of socioeconomic performance. [249][250] Obesity rates have more than doubled in the last 30 years and are the highest in the industrialized world. [382] In August 2010, the American labor force consisted of 154.1 million people (50%). [506] Although the cost of publishing has increased over the years, the price of newspapers has generally remained low, forcing newspapers to rely more on advertising revenue and on articles provided by a major wire service, such as the Associated Press or Reuters, for their national and world coverage. [43][44], The first Europeans to arrive in the continental United States were Spanish conquistadors such as Juan Ponce de León, who made his first visit to Florida in 1513. [48] Successful English settlement of the eastern coast of North America began with the Virginia Colony in 1607 at Jamestown and with the Pilgrims colony at Plymouth in 1620. ", "Historical Census Statistics On Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For Large Cities And Other Urban Places In The United States", "Frequently Requested Statistics on Immigrants and Immigration in the United States", "Table 52. [445][446][447], The American Dream, or the perception that Americans enjoy high social mobility, plays a key role in attracting immigrants. The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country primarily located in North America, consisting of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. CBS All Access is streaming every upcoming UEFA Europa League match live! [306][307] The states of the Northeast and West Coast and some of the Great Lakes states, known as "blue states", are relatively liberal. [269] The basic literacy rate is approximately 99%. While most major U.S. sports such as baseball and American football have evolved out of European practices, basketball, volleyball, skateboarding, and snowboarding are American inventions, some of which have become popular worldwide. over 4 years ago; 224 mapviews; More info. ", "Active Duty Military Personnel Strengths by Regional Area and by Country (309A)", "World military expenditure grows to $1.8 trillion in 2018", "Here's how many nuclear warheads exist, and which countries own them", "U.S. Federal Law Enforcement Agencies, Who Governs & What They Do", "Violent Death Rates: The US Compared with Other High-income OECD Countries, 2010", "Global homicide rate rises for first time in more than a decade", "Nebraska's Death Penalty Repealed With Veto Override", "Maryland becomes latest U.S. state to abolish death penalty", "Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey", "Monthly Statement of the Public Debt of the United States", "World Economic Outlook Database, April 2015", "World Economic Outlook Database: United States", "Top Ten Countries with which the U.S. Trades", "United Nations Statistics Division—National Accounts", "Currency Composition of Official Foreign Exchange Reserves", "The NYSE Makes Stock Exchanges Around The World Look Tiny", "Largest stock exchange operators worldwide as of April 2018, by market capitalization of listed companies (in trillion U.S. dollars)", "Tackling income inequality The role of taxes and transfers", "In Paid Family Leave, U.S. Trails Most of the Globe", "Total Economy Database, Summary Statistics, 1995–2010", "Research and Development (R&D) Expenditures by Source and Objective: 1970 to 2004", "Britain Second in World Research Rankings", "100 Years Ago, the Dream of Icarus Became Reality", "NASA's Apollo technology has changed the history", "Celebrating July 2: 10 Days That Changed History", "The Countries With The Most Millionaires", "Understanding Poverty in the United States: Surprising Facts About America's Poor", "Human Development Index (HDI) | Human Development Reports", "Record inequality: The top 1% controls 38.6% of America's wealth", "The 3 Richest Americans Hold More Wealth Than Bottom 50% Of The Country, Study Finds", "Is it great to be a worker in the U.S.? [429] In 2017, there were 255,009,283 non-two wheel motor vehicles, or about 910 vehicles per 1,000 people. Interests", "Japan-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress", "U.S.–South Korea Relations: Issues for Congress", "The Untapped Potential of the US-Colombia Partnership", "How Progressive is the U.S. Federal Tax System? [217], About 82% of Americans live in urban areas, including suburbs;[178] about half of those reside in cities with populations over 50,000. The supervolcano underlying Yellowstone National Park in the Rockies is the continent's largest volcanic feature. The principle of judicial review, not explicitly mentioned in the Constitution, was established by the Supreme Court in Marbury v. Madison (1803)[288] in a decision handed down by Chief Justice John Marshall.[289]. Most of these stations are run by universities and public authorities for educational purposes and are financed by public or private funds, subscriptions, and corporate underwriting. The Coast Guard, also a branch of the armed forces, is administered by the Department of Homeland Security in peacetime and by the Department of the Navy in wartime. households. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, it holds 29.4% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share held by any country. Much public-radio broadcasting is supplied by NPR. Like the states they have a great deal of autonomy, but also like the states, tribes are not allowed to make war, engage in their own foreign relations, or print and issue currency. eur-lex.europa.eu. [153] Due to the dot-com boom, stable monetary policy, and reduced social welfare spending, the 1990s saw the longest economic expansion in modern U.S. The Wright brothers, in 1903, made the first sustained and controlled heavier-than-air powered flight. Jazz was developed by innovators such as Louis Armstrong and Duke Ellington early in the 20th century. [263], American public education is operated by state and local governments and regulated by the United States Department of Education through restrictions on federal grants. [350] The United States possesses the second-largest stockpile of nuclear weapons in the world. On his map, the name is shown in large letters on what would now be considered South America, in honor of Amerigo Vespucci. [109] This period eventually ended with the advent of the Progressive Era, which saw significant reforms including women's suffrage, alcohol prohibition, regulation of consumer goods, greater antitrust measures to ensure competition and attention to worker conditions. The majority of the world's top universities, as listed by various ranking organizations, are in the U.S.[272][273][274] There are also local community colleges with generally more open admission policies, shorter academic programs, and lower tuition. [309] Leadership in the House includes Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, Majority Leader Steny Hoyer, and Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy. [251][252] Approximately one-third of the adult population is obese and an additional third is overweight. [385] 74% of full-time American workers get paid sick leave, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, although only 24% of part-time workers get the same benefits. [202][203] The most prominent environmental agency is the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), created by presidential order in 1970. [425], Personal transportation is dominated by automobiles, which operate on a network of 4 million miles (6.4 million kilometers) of public roads. [386] In 2009, the United States had the third-highest workforce productivity per person in the world, behind Luxembourg and Norway. The "red states" of the South and parts of the Great Plains and Rocky Mountains are relatively conservative. [508][509], Country primarily located in North America, "America", "US", "USA", and "United States of America" redirect here. [127] The United States and Japan then fought each other in the largest naval battle in history, the Battle of Leyte Gulf. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort. [437], The United States is home to many cultures and a wide variety of ethnic groups, traditions, and values. The 1904 Summer Olympics in St. Louis, Missouri, were the first ever Olympic Games held outside of Europe. 11 months ago EG Gemeinden. Sign Up. [132] They dominated the military affairs of Europe, with the U.S. and its NATO allies on one side and the Soviet Union and its Warsaw Pact allies on the other. Consumer affairs and public health. [493], American football is by several measures the most popular spectator sport;[495] the National Football League (NFL) has the highest average attendance of any sports league in the world, and the Super Bowl is watched by tens of millions globally. The District of Columbia and the five major U.S. territories each have one member of Congress—these members are not allowed to vote. In the early 20th century, the automobile companies of Ransom E. Olds and Henry Ford popularized the assembly line. [154] Beginning in 1994, the U.S. signed the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), causing trade among the U.S., Canada, and Mexico to soar. This technology, along with the establishment of a machine tool industry, enabled the U.S. to have large-scale manufacturing of sewing machines, bicycles, and other items in the late 19th century and became known as the American system of manufacturing. Tourismusstatistiken - Mehrere Regionen Spaniens, Frankreichs und Italiens sind Top-Reiseziele in der EU - USA und Türkei für EU-Einwohner beliebteste Reiseziele außerhalb der EU. [206], The United States is ranked 24th among nations in the Environmental Performance Index. [387][388], The United States has been a leader in technological innovation since the late 19th century and scientific research since the mid-20th century. Suggest a dataset. [49] Many settlers were dissenting Christians who came seeking religious freedom. [92] After the Civil War, new transcontinental railways made relocation easier for settlers, expanded internal trade, and increased conflicts with Native Americans. Alzheimer's disease, drug abuse, kidney disease, cancer, and falls caused the most additional years of life lost over their age-adjusted 1990 per-capita rates. Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago, and European colonization began in the 16th century. In English, the word "American" rarely refers to topics or subjects not directly connected with the United States. [347] Defense spending plays a major role in science and technology investment, with roughly half of U.S. federal research and development funded by the Department of Defense. [278][279], The United States is a federal republic of 50 states, a federal district, five territories and several uninhabited island possessions. 9 months ago AKE Kanal neu. [106] The U.S. Virgin Islands were purchased from Denmark in 1917. [157][158] A 2011 military operation in Pakistan led to the death of the leader of Al-Qaeda. "[29] The final version of the Articles, sent to the states for ratification in late 1777, stated that "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be 'The United States of America'. Reconstruction began in earnest following the war. [156] In response, President George W. Bush launched the War on Terror, which included a war in Afghanistan and the 2003–11 Iraq War. Waffenstatistik Europa (Auszug), www.gunpolicy.org, viewed 28th May, 2016. [393] The latter led to emergence of the worldwide entertainment industry. Its members have a combined area of 4,233,255.3 km 2 (1,634,469.0 sq mi) and an estimated total population of about 447 million. [276][277] As of 2018[update], student loan debt exceeded 1.5 trillion dollars. [8] According to the Bureau's U.S. Population Clock, on May 23, 2020, the U.S. population had a net gain of one person every 19 seconds, or about 4,547 people per day. The short form "United States" is also standard. Fearing the spread of instability, in August, President George H. W. Bush launched and led the Gulf War against Iraq; waged until January 1991 by coalition forces from 34 nations, it ended in the expulsion of Iraqi forces from Kuwait and restoration of the monarchy. [342], Military service in the United States is voluntary, although conscription may occur in wartime through the Selective Service System. [481] Since the early 20th century, the U.S. film industry has largely been based in and around Hollywood, although in the 21st century an increasing number of films are not made there, and film companies have been subject to the forces of globalization.[482]. They demanded their "rights as Englishmen" and "no taxation without representation". [265] The U.S. spends more on education per student than any nation in the world,[266] spending an average of $12,794 per year on public elementary and secondary school students in the 2016–2017 school year. [491] The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, have been held annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences since 1929,[492] and the Golden Globe Awards have been held annually since January 1944. [391][392], In 1876, Alexander Graham Bell was awarded the first U.S. patent for the telephone. Facebook. [140] The growing Civil Rights Movement used nonviolence to confront segregation and discrimination, with Martin Luther King Jr. becoming a prominent leader and figurehead. Americans had developed an ideology of "republicanism", asserting that government rested on the will of the people as expressed in their local legislatures. [209], The U.S. Census Bureau officially estimated the country's population to be 328,239,523 as of July 1, 2019. [95] In order to bring about this secession, military action was initiated by the secessionists, and the Union responded in kind. [439][442] More recent immigration from Asia and especially Latin America has added to a cultural mix that has been described as both a homogenizing melting pot, and a heterogeneous salad bowl in which immigrants and their descendants retain distinctive cultural characteristics. Irreconcilable sectional conflict regarding the enslavement of Africans and African Americans ultimately led to the American Civil War. [137] Construction of an Interstate Highway System transformed the nation's infrastructure over the following decades. [464][465], Homegrown foods are part of a shared national menu on one of America's most popular holidays, Thanksgiving, when some Americans make traditional foods to celebrate the occasion. The Department of Defense administers five of the six service branches, which are made up of the Army, Marine Corps, Navy, Air Force, and Space Force. It does not appear in patriotic songs composed during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, including "The Star Spangled Banner", "My Country, 'Tis of Thee", and the "Battle Hymn of the Republic", although it is common in 20th-century songs like "God Bless America". [214] Asian Americans are the country's second-largest racial minority (the three largest Asian ethnic groups are Chinese, Filipino, and Indian). population. [488] In more recent times, directors such as Steven Spielberg, George Lucas and James Cameron have gained renown for their blockbuster films, often characterized by high production costs and earnings. During the war, the United States was one of the "Four Powers"[122] who met to plan the postwar world, along with Britain, the Soviet Union, and China. The Italian explorer was the first to postulate that the West Indies did not represent Asia's eastern limit but were part of a previously unknown landmass. [28], The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed no later than June 17, 1776, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the 'United States of America'. In addition, there are 1,460 public radio stations. [329] Both non-resident citizens and Green Card holders living abroad are taxed on their income irrespective of where they live or where their income is earned. [195] Altogether, the government owns about 28% of the country's land area,[196] mostly in the western states. Einwohner USA. [260][261] The U.S. health-care system far outspends any other nation, measured both in per capita spending and as percentage of GDP. LATEST STORIES. [394], The rise of fascism and Nazism in the 1920s and 30s led many European scientists, including Albert Einstein, Enrico Fermi, and John von Neumann, to immigrate to the United States. Can it Be a Leader in the Climate Fight Again? Datenquelle United Nations – Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2017): World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision; Eurostat: Online-Datenbank: Population change (08/2018), Population (01/2018); Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web … The launch of a "War on Poverty" expanded entitlements and welfare spending, including the creation of Medicare and Medicaid, two programs that provide health coverage to the elderly and poor, respectively, and the means-tested Food Stamp Program and Aid to Families with Dependent Children. [104] In 1893, pro-American elements in Hawaii overthrew the Hawaiian monarchy and formed the Republic of Hawaii, which the U.S. annexed in 1898. Taxation in the United States is based on citizenship, not residency. A highly developed country, the United States accounts for approximately a quarter of global gross domestic product (GDP) and is the world's largest economy by nominal GDP. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union engaged in various proxy wars but avoided direct military conflict. Unofficial Page. [407] In 2017, Forbes found that just three individuals (Jeff Bezos, Warren Buffett and Bill Gates) held more money than the bottom half of the population. 10 months ago EG Gemeinden. [41] The Haudenosaunee, located in the southern Great Lakes region, was established at some point between the twelfth and fifteenth centuries. Tensions with Britain remained, however, leading to the War of 1812, which was fought to a draw. Not included in this total of "countries" and listed separately are: The ARPANET was developed in the 1960s to meet Defense Department requirements, and became the first of a series of networks which evolved into the Internet. [233], Religion in the United States (2019)[234]. For comparison: Japan ...] (128 million inhabitants) has an installed capacity of 8.9 Wp/inhabitant, while the USA (291 million inhabitants) has an installed capacity of 1.3 Wp/inhabitant.